It was the early spring of 1472, Several horsemen with a cart drove up to a small monastery near Smolensk. The monks looked with astonished eyes at the man lying in the cart. His face was sunburned almost black. He was evidently Russian and was dressed in Russian costume. But he was so very dark! He lay there moaning quietly. His companions carefully lifted him up and helped him to a bedroom. In the night the sick man grew worse.
Moscow was now the capital of the unified Russian state. Its Kremlin gave it beauty and grandeur. However, the old walls were no longer able to pro¬tect it properly. The Kremlin that Dmitri Donskoi had built had stood for more than a hundred years. It had survived enemy attacks, fire, even an earth-quake. Its white-stone walls were be-ginning to crumble. In many places there were dark gaping cracks. Now and again these cracks were hastily fil¬led with red bricks or grey cobble-stones, or simply boarded over. One could easily lose one’s way in the crooked lanes, streets and blind alleys inside the Kremlin. The mansions of the boyars huddled close together, as each boyar wanted to live as close as possible to the Prince’s court. Every piece of land was occupied.
A full hundred years had passed since the battle of Kulikovo. Much in Russia had changed in this time. Little by little the Moscow princes gained power over the other parts of Russia. Moscow grow especially powerful in the reign of Dmitri Donskoi’s great-grandson Ivan III. Tver, Yaroslavl, Novgorod and other principalities acknowledged the rule of Moscow. In place of feuding principalities there was now a strong Russian state which stretched from the steppelands along the shores of the sea of Azov to the White Sea and from the Dnieper River to the Ural Mountains. Ivan III now called himself not just the Grand Prince of Moscow but “Tsar of All Russian Land.” There now lived in the Russian state besides the Russians themselves the Mordvinians, Udmurts, Lomi and Karelians. This was a multinational state.
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This mosque is located in mauza Sundarghona, C. S. plot on 1738, Shaitgumbad Union Parishad. Bagerhat Upozila and is the District of Bagerhat. This rectangular mosque is now in a ruinous condition. Only the four walls and three mihrabs in the qibla wall are in situ. The mosque measure 39′-10″ north-south X 26′-5″ east-west internally. Thickness of the wall in 5′-9″. The mosque was covered by six hemispherical domes. There are three entrances on the east and tow entrances each on the north and south sides. There is a bell and chain motif in the interior of these mihrabs. There are four octagonal towers at the four corners of this building. Terracotta ornamentations are observed in some places.
At present this mosque has no roof. It measures 48′-0″ X 37′-9″ externally. Its salient feature is the high eastern entrances (15′-15′). But at present it is damaged. There were grilles of brick or jali (Fret-work) work in the western entrance of the south wall.
Sizes of bricks are irregular and the mortar is lime.
Mihrab : A niche or slab in a mosque marking the direction of Mecca.
Qibla : The direction of Mecca for Muslim prayer.